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WIFI Security

Home WiFi Router
Why worry about securing my home WiFi?

   Properly configured, your home wifi network not only creates a secure bubble, (aka LAN) or all your connected devices: 


and all your IOT devices: 

Cameras/printers/smart speakers and assistants i.e. Amazon Echo 

but it also acts as a firewall from malicious intrusion online.  

Improperly configured, it exposes your network to intrusions internally and externally. 


   When you log on with your phone or computer at home, how many wifi networks do you see pop up? 10? 20? 30? 

The more networks you see, the more can see your broadcasted wifi name (aka SSID). Have you ever clicked on one of the other networks just to see if you could connect? Chances are, one or more of your neighbors has tried to log in to yours to see if they could get free wifi or to snoop on your network. 


   So you need to secure your network. There is a password to log on to your home wifi, but there is another password to get into the actual device. 

If you bought one of the popular routers and installed it yourself, the default password might be printed on the instructions, but sometimes it's printed on a sticker on the bottom of the device. 

Electronic Board
Here are the links to instructions on logging in to some popular routers
Minimalist Staircase
Key points


Whether you installed your own router or it came as a single unit from the cable company, you should have control over the settings that affect your privacy and security

Take some time and read the instructions and watch YouTube how-to's on router settings


Change the default routerlogin password

Update the router firmware

Set up a 2 SSIDs, one private and one for guests

Your password security should be set to WPA2-PSK

Disable UPnP

Communication Tower
In my opinion, the best source for learning about routers is Michael Horowit's page,
To test your network security, go to Steve Gobson's page at and click on the Shields UP!! logo

Virtual Private Networks (VPN)

What they are

Software you install on your phone or computer, that when active, encrypts your data and obfuscates your location by hiding your real IP address. Your IP is your designated computer address assigned by your internet provider. To see yours, go to

Why you need one

Simple. When you use free public WiFi, you are sharing a common router with everyone else on that network, and that means that your network traffic can be intercepted. 

Although you don't usually need to use one at home, there are times where you don't want to reveal your IP when online. A VPN comes in handy there too.

VPN Resources

Several VPN providers offer options plans that allow you to use service on your phone as well as on your desktop computer.
There are several free VPNs available. I recommend opting for a paid product. 

Remember, "if a product is free, You are the product"

OVPN- Excellent service, available for a wide variety of         operating systems and mobile devices

ProtonVPN- Part of the secure email service ProtonVPN

Mulvad VPN- Highly regarded by security experts

Lockdown- Specifically for Mac OSX and iOS devices

just a little


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